Hanbali School of Thought Principles and Impacts in Present World

Here is an article on topic of Hanbali School of Thought Principles and Impacts in Present World. It is a brief article to give you a general idea related to Hanbali School of Thought

Hanbali School of Thought Principles and Impacts in Present World

The Principles of the Hanbali School of Thought 

The Fiqh of Imam Hanbal is based on Ahadith and sayings of the Companions of the Prophet. He did not write any book on Fiqh nor dictated any topic to his students on Fiqh issues. However, the students of Ahmed Bin Hanbal would write down his pronouncements and get them signed by him for validation. 
The Hanbali School of Thought has many distinguishing features but the most striking element is that Imam Hanbal tried his best not to introduce any new concept f his own, but would derive his rulings from the statements of the Companions of the Prophet or a pre- ceding religious scholar. He knew the gravity of introducing something new in religious matters (bidah). Hence we see that most of the rulings issued by the Imam are founded on Ahadith or judgments of the highly esteemed Companions. His knowledge of this area was comprehensive and awe-inspiring. Imam Hanbal would frown upon answering hypothetical questions (about events or situations that have not yet happened). 
Another important feature of the Hanbali School is adherence to this guiding standard in the case of Haraam and Halaal: whatever had been declared Haraam by Allah in his book or forbidden by the Prophet (SAW) is Haraam; the rest all falls within the category of Halaal. This principle has given a lot of flexibility to the Hanbali School of Thought. 
The Hanbali school not only considers the obvious, apparent aspects of the issue at hand, but it also delves into the causes, objectives and results as well. This praiseworthy trait is less prominent in any other school of law. 
To conclude, we can say that although the Hanbali School of Thought is based strictly on Ahadith and rulings of the Companions and those that followed them, yet it is open and flexible to the requirement of the situation. 

The Impact of the Hanbali School of Thought 

The Hanbali School of Thought was pre-dominantly prevalent in Iraq in the very beginning. But the rigidity and unyielding attitude of the Hanbali scholars slowed down its progress. In the 4th century Hijri, the Hanbali School made its way into Egypt but the Egyptian rulers were more inclined towards the Shaafai School of Thought. Hence it did not become established there. When the era of the Ayyubi rulers ended in Egypt, this provided an impetus to the spread of the Hanbali Fiqh. Other Muslim countries also had followers of this school but in small numbers. The people of Najad accepted the teachings of this Fiqh at the hands of Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab in the 18th century and thereafter the Saud clan, the ruling family of Saudi Arabia, firmly established it in the whole of Hijaz. To date, the sovereigns of Saudi Arabia follow this school of thought. 

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