Industrial Sociology Definitions and Scope

Here is an article on the topic of Industrial Sociology Definitions and Scope. It includes basic introduction, definitions by famous sociologists and scope of Industrial Sociology

Industrial Sociology Definitions and Scope
The term industrial sociology includes two terms, industrial and sociology. The term industrial means concerning the industry. The word industry is derived form the Latin word Industria which means dexterity and resourcefulness. It is thus clear that industry is that technique under which anything is done efficiently and smoothly. Resourcefulness implies use of machinery, raw material etc., in an economic manner. Sociology deals with society and society is nothing but a different name for social relations. Thus sociology pertains to or deals with social relations. In sociology all kinds of social relations are studied. It should also be borne in mind in this connection that sociology is a scientific study employing scientific methodology and techniques in its study of social relations. According to Maclver and page,
“Sociology is about social relationships, the network of relationships we call society.” 
It is quite apparent from this definition that sociology is a science of social relations. If there is a group of persons who have no relation between them such a group would fall beyond the purview of sociology.

The most important characteristic of the application of sociology in the filed of industry, however, is the sociological attitude towards industrial organization. In the words of William Faunce, “What sociology has to offer to the student of industrial social organization today is not a body of laws of social behaviour, but rather a particular perspective or a special way of looking at the world of work.”

The concepts of “industry” and “sociology” become clear from the above discussion. The concept of “industrial sociology” is a compound of these two concepts. In Industrial sociology, social relations specifically connected with industry are studied. Of course, these relations are studied by scientific techniques employed in sociology. In modern world the industrial domain has expanded infinitely and it s problems have become complex and varied. There are innumerable problems which have come into being only on account of expanding industry. For example, the problems of slums are a direct outcome of industrial expansion. Thus we can say that industrial sociology is a direct outcome of modern industrial expansion.

Definition of Industrial Sociology

An examination of some important definition of industrial sociology will further clarify its meaning.
1. According to Charles B. Spaulding,
“Industrial Sociologists center their interests upon the social organization of the work place, including the pattern of interaction between people who are responding to each other in terms of their roles in work organization or whose behaviour is being affected by those roles.” 
These patterns of interaction are included in three system of industrial social organization:
1. Management Organization,
2. Informal organization of workers,
3. Union organization.

2. According to Miller and Form,
“Industrial Sociology is a substantive area of general sociology which might more accurately be termed the sociology of work organization or the sociology of economy.” 
In this definition industrial sociology has been admitted as an important branch of sociology, concerned with work organization and economy. These however, constitute important part of industrial sociology whose area is expanding fast.

3. According to Parkar, Brown and others,
“Industrial sociology is concerned with how the economic subsystem is related to other subsystems, how the subsystem is structured in terms of particular work organization and roles and how persons fit into these roles.” 
Clarifying this definition further these authors have remarked.
“The adjective industrial implies the application of sociological theories and methods to one segment of society, that is, the one concerned with the economic function of producing and distributing the goods and services which society requires.” 
Thus industrial means the section concerned with economic processes. Industrial sociology is particularly the study of this type of social relationships. The economic organization involves several systems and sub-systems. Each of these includes innumerable roles. Industrial sociology studies the rules, process, methods and cause-effect relationships concerning industrial system and sub systems.

4. According to J.H. Smith,
“Industrial sociology is concerned with industry (or any form of work organization) as a social system, including those factors (technical, economic, political) which affect the structure, the function and the changes in that system.” 
This definition of industrial sociology is wider that the preceding definitions. It includes industrial areas as a social system factors influencing it, its structure, role and factors of change in the field of industrial sociology. In brief, industrial sociology is a particular branch of sociology in which the organization, structure, functions and implicit social relationships of industrial and economic systems are studied.

Scope of Industrial Sociology

According to Delbert C. Miller, “If we were to single out one statement that stamps the progress of industrial sociology upto and through 1947, we should probably record the fact that sociologists were still struggling to define the field.” Miller and Form describe the field as being “concerned broadly with the study of industrial society and also with the analysis of the social organization of work.” It is suggested that industrial sociology deals with all types of work organizations. According to Moore, “Industrial sociology then is concerned with the application or development of principles of sociology relevant to the industrial mode of production and the industrial way of life.” Schneider delimits the field of industrial sociology to the industrial institution with a focus on the social structure of large scale manufacturing organizations. Etzioni suggest that the scope of industrial sociology includes the study of that economic organization that have the “primary aim of producing goods and services, exchanging them, or organizing and manipulating monetary process.”



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Study Archives: Industrial Sociology Definitions and Scope
Industrial Sociology Definitions and Scope
Here is an article on the topic of Industrial Sociology Definitions and Scope. It includes basic introduction, definitions by famous sociologists and scope of Industrial Sociology
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