Origin and Lineage of Rajputs and Rajputana

Here is an article on topic of Origin and Lineage of Rajputs and Rajputana. There complete origin history and divisions of rajputs and rajputana

Origin and Lineage of Rajputs and Rajputana
Tasmat Sarvasvasthasu Shur Sammanmarhit
Navhe ShauryaPar Kinchit Trilokeshu Vidhte
Shur Sarva palyit Sarva Shure Paaritshtham 
(Mahabharata, Shanti Parva, 99. 17-18) 

Translation:- 
Arms of the brave (kshatriya) always support and sustain the people like (a father his) son.
A brave (kshatriya) is, for this reason, honored by all, in all situations.
There is nothing in all the three worlds, which is beyond (the reach of) bravery.
Brave (kshatriya) sustains all, and all depend upon the brave. 

This land of the brave Rajputs is filled with legends and stories of the people and land of Rajputana. There is sense of Déjà vu when traveling in this land of Kings and Kingdoms, beautiful, fascinating, impressive history, art and culture that one cannot but fall in love with this land. Many sections of the Aravallis are far older than the Himalayas and seem to reflect a feeling that they know it all and have seen it all. Never far from where ever you are in Rajasthan the Aravallis are close, present with all your feelings and love of Rajasthan.
Col. James Tod, in his Anna and Antiquities of Rajasthan has written, “Rajasthan exhibits the sole example in the history of mankind of a people standing every out- rage…yet rising buoyant from the pressure…a whetstone to courage.”
Italian traveler and writer Manucci has written in the 17th century,” a total area of 343,000 sq.km and the most striking feature of this land is its division by the majestic Aravalli range which runs from north east to south west for 688 km.”
Yet this land is not barren, it has people, animals, wildlife and flora and fauna. From semi-nomadic tribesmen and women to wanderers and rulers all carry the land, history and culture in their hearts and souls. They may move away from their home called Rajasthan but their hearts are never far from it.

Origins 

Rajputs are regarded as descendents of the Sakas (Greeks) and the proof is given by their genealogical records. Sir Denzil Ibbetson has written that ‘Jats, Gujjars and Ahirs come from one ethnic stock.’ – they are descended from the Saka immigrants and are different from them and each other by just their social customs. Sakas dominated a large part of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab and the Ganges valley. This is seen in the huge population from these regions have Scythic origins. Rajpuits make up 50 percent of the population in Rajasthan and Gujarat. While James Tod concluded that the Jats are one of the Rajput tribes, and are three to one in the Jat Rajput ration in Punjab.
 In Rajputana even the business class is of Saka descent making 65 per cent of the population Rajputs.
The Mughals were aware of the Scythian connection of the Rajputs For example Pahlavi-Sassanid king Byramgor is said to have left his progeny by a princess of Kanauj and whose descendents came to be called Gor. Abul Fazl also mentions in his writings about the Ranas of Mewar descending from Noshirwan.

Rajput - Scythic names 

Dahya – Dahae, Hoon – Huns, Jit – Getae, Camar – Camarii, and Sessodia – Sassa- nian.
According to Tod, a Jain priest from Nadol furnished record that mentions ‘the first Rathore sprung from the spine of Indra.’, the father being a Yavanaswa, prince of Parlipoor.’- a Yavan prince of the Aswa or Asi tribe that are Scythic in origin. Rajput tradition records 36 clans as mentioned in Kumarpala Charita by Jayasimha and Prithviraj Raso by Chand Bardai.
A major Kshatriya group in India, they are descending from the ancient royal families many of whom still belong to the ex ruling families of various states in Ra- jputana. Ancient texts have identified them as Raja putra or Rajanya. Rajputra was used by Emperor Harshavardhan of Kanauj in 606-648 AD. They are the royal elite warriors and land holding class. They rose to prominence during the 6th century and became known as the kshatriya class in the 8th century.
Rajputs – son of a king is divided into three major lineages which are divided into 36 kuls or clans with numerous branches and four Agnivansh clans. Ancient inscriptions, copper plates which help trace their lineage.
Their origins have been elaborately traced back to the Agnikund myth that took place on Mount Arbudhachala (Mount Abu).

Agnivansh lineage 

A Puranic legend in the Bhavisya Purana tells of a yagya held at Mount Abu during the rule of Emperor Asoka’s son. Parshuram had eliminated all the kshatriyas and when sage Vaishista performed this yagya to seek the help of the gods to create warriors to help defend the righteous.
 As he conducted the yagya and uttered the mantras and in answer to his prayers a youth rose from the flames – the first Rajput agnivansh this was brought forth by Lord Indra – the god of fire. This man uttered Param Amar and came to be known as Parmar/Tomar.
Next a Brahmin brought forth a youth from the fire after creating and throwing a similar doll in the fire who held a sword in one hand and a Veda in the other. He came to be called Chilonki/Chalukya, which got corrupted to Solanki. After this Lord Shiva created a man from fire who was dark in looks but not that brave and hence he was given the name of Prithvi dwar which got corrupted to Pratihar.
Then came Lord Vishnu who created a man from fire in his own image though dark was very brave and had a bow tied to his hand and an arrow in one hand and sword in the other. He was called Chahamana (four hands) which got corrupted to Chauhan.
 And at the last came an elephant from the fire.

Suryavansh Lineage 

The Suryavansh claim descent from Surya (Sun God). This is the oldest of the Kshatriya clans and the first among them was known as Vivaswan (fire bird). The first important king from this clan was Isshvaku, Harishchandra, Dasratha, and Lord Rama. The clan is also called Kaushalya. The clans include Gehlot, Bargujar, Jhala, Jamwal, Kachwaha, Minhas, Rathore, Senghar, Bedi, and Pundir.

Chandravansh Lineage 

The Chandravansh lay claim to have descended from Som – moon. The Lunar dy- nasty’s first ruler was Som, and included famous names like Yayati, Dushyant, Bharata, Kuru, Yudhishtr and Shantanu. Lord Krishna belongs to the Yadu vansh dynasty. The book Harivamsha gives details of this dynasty.
The Suryavansh and the Somvansh originated from a common ancestor – Lord Brahma. His two sons bifurcated into the two lineages - Son Marichi – Kashyap – Vivaswan/ Surya – Suryavansh and Son Atri – Sagar –( Sagarvansh) – Soma/ Chandra – (Somvansh) – 46 generations followed and thence came Lord Krishna. The Chandravansh clans include – Bhatti, Gaharwal, Jadeja, Jadon, Janjua, Katoch, Bharra, Jethwa, Pathania, Saini, Silahar, Tuar/Tomar, daoud, Yadu which have further divided.
There are many historical records that show Rajputs as descendants of Aryans, Scythians, Huns Sakas etc. But many researchers have disapproved this theory. Divided into Agni, Chandra and Suryavanshi as described earlier. Each of these were divided in Kula and than into shakha.
The clan is divided into Vansh – Kul – shakh – khamp – nak. Rajput Shakha(Clan Tree) has 36 kulas which have divided themselves further and 24 of which called Eka that have not divided. The 36 Kula include Gehlote, Parmara, Chauhan, Solanki, Rathore, Tomar, Burgujjar, Parihar, Jhala, Yadu, Kachchwaha, and Gor. The 24 kula include Malia, Chahhil, Agnipal, Aswariya, Hul, Mori, Doda, Dabia, Johya, Sikerwal, Gherwal, Dahiya, Chawura, Balla, Sengar, Khurwur, and Kalchoruk. Rajput rulers were very strong, influential remarkable change bringers in the society. They have played a very important role in Rajasthan and elsewhere. India prospered under their rule and much achievement can be found in the archaeological remains from their period.
The Rajputs were patrons of scholars and education, which led to many books being written and education spreading among common people. Intermarriages and various alliances led to scholars moving from one place to another. This allowed all faiths to flourish leading to many temples of various sects spreading and finding foot hold like the Jain, Vaishnav, Shaiva, Buddhist, Sufi, Sikh and Vedic traditions. The Rajputs basically follow the Hinduism while giving respect to all religions. The Rajputs built a social hierarchy around them which included their own priests called Purohits, had their own group of servants, ministers, scholars etc which were in an orderly manner around them. The Sisodia Rajputs or rulers of Mewar consider themselves to be the regents of Eklingji and therefore consider themselves as his temple’s high priest.

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    • Source:
      • Desert Chronicles IV: Rajputs and Rajputana By Harpreet Kaur

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